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Transnational Flows

Violence and conflict spread across borders through flows of people, weapons, resources and goods along pathways that are often centuries old. Borderland communities, which frequently share social, linguistic and cultural ties, often are enmeshed in these flows.  XCEPT sheds light on the web of interactions that connect conflicts across borders and regions, sustaining both conflict actors and the communities coping with long-term instability.

Below you can find and download publications by XCEPT partners exploring transnational flows and cross-border conflict.


5th October 2022
The military regime’s attempts to restrict imports and ration foreign currency have boosted illicit border trade at Myawaddy in Kayin State, putting i...


4th October 2022
Over decades of conflict and instability, the border town of Torkham, one of the main crossing points between Afghanistan and Pakistan, has found a wa...

Research report

21st September 2022
Tunisia’s planned free trade zone in Ben Guerdane has stalled while similar projects in Libya have advanced. If Tunisian authorities move quickly to r...


15th September 2022
The case of the Salafi groups underscores the complex evolution of cross-border exchange of religious ideas, with external powers able to grow influen...


25th August 2022
In August 2022 it will be five years since the start of one of the world’s most severe humanitarian crises, yet the political and security dynamics su...


10th August 2022
Any policy designed to counter the growing Captagon trade must take into account its impact on local border communities.


Governing at the margins: A patchwork of policies and practi...

31st August 2023
Six years after the forced displacement of over a million Rohingya people from Myanmar, the day-to-day support required by Rohingya refugees and human...

Briefing paper

25th July 2022
This research reveals just how fundamentally the rules that govern cross-border trade have changed since the Taliban takeover, upending the political ...


30th June 2022
Nigeria is in the midst of a deep security crisis, with armed conflicts and violent crime now a problem in most parts of the country. In rural Nigeria...


23rd June 2022
The Karen Border Guard Force is providing the military with frontline soldiers in exchange for business protection, allowing its “new city” project to...

Research report

23rd June 2022
This report aims to amplify a grounded understanding of the everyday reality of communities in fragile border areas, and how conflict shapes their liv...

Research report

9th June 2022
This paper explores the impacts of intrastate conflict, people smuggling, migration and other illicit transnational dynamics along pathways between Ni...


8th June 2022
Poor infrastructure and even poorer governance is a critical part of the story of healthcare in Iraq, but so too is the complex issue of the movement ...


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