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Communities that sit in conflict-affected borderlands are often subject to a complex combination of cultural and geographical factors. XCEPT’s research into these conflict areas explores local governance, other influential actors, and the alternative institutions and strategies that borderland communities rely upon to protect themselves against violence and abuse. It also examines how economic transitions, markets, and trade are affected by changes in the social and political context of a borderland community.

Below you can find and download publications by XCEPT partners that investigate the unique contexts of conflict-affected borderlands.


4th October 2022
Over decades of conflict and instability, the border town of Torkham, one of the main crossing points between Afghanistan and Pakistan, has found a wa...

Research report

21st September 2022
Tunisia’s planned free trade zone in Ben Guerdane has stalled while similar projects in Libya have advanced. If Tunisian authorities move quickly to r...


15th September 2022
The case of the Salafi groups underscores the complex evolution of cross-border exchange of religious ideas, with external powers able to grow influen...


15th September 2022
When the military launched a coup against the civilian government in October 2021, some of the rebel leaders sided with the country’s generals, rather...


30th August 2022
The capture of fertile agricultural land in Western Tigray and the eastern Sudanese Al Fashaga region sheds light on how profits from cash crops help ...


25th August 2022
In August 2022 it will be five years since the start of one of the world’s most severe humanitarian crises, yet the political and security dynamics su...


XCEPT Workshop: Local, People-Focused Policymaking

26th October 2022
Addressing securitization in conflict zones in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia

Research report

24th August 2022
In light of Afghanistan’s regime change, coupled with the pandemic and an already tenuous economic situation, it is critical to understand the livelih...


10th August 2022
After a decade of civil war, Syria’s border with Turkey is divided. Yet long-term stability will require a peace agreement that treats the border as a...


30th July 2022
The regime’s foreign exchange controls sparked a frenzy in gold smuggling to India, but since mid-May it has turned to familiar tactics – intimidation...


29th July 2022
Joint bulletin from The Asia Foundation, Rift Valley Institute, and Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center about recent research and activities....

Briefing paper

25th July 2022
This research reveals just how fundamentally the rules that govern cross-border trade have changed since the Taliban takeover, upending the political ...


22nd July 2022
In this interview, Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center’s non-resident scholar Armenak Tokmajyan talks about Sarmada, Syria’s border with Turke...


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