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Conflict Dynamics

Conflicts in the Middle East, Africa and Asia intersect through flows of people, weapons and resources, creating intricate cross-border conflict systems. These knit the formal and informal, licit and illicit in ways that empower armed actors, enmesh conflict with crime and violent extremism, and ensnare local communities in the network of activities that sustain conflict. XCEPT research on conflict dynamics sheds light on these conflict systems, the transnational networks that sustain them, and how affected communities cope with protracted crisis.

Below you can find and download XCEPT research that helps shed light on these complex conflict dynamics.

Research report

30th March 2021
The Iraqi-Syrian border continues to be geopolitically restless. Kurdish parties have taken advantage of central government weaknesses to increase t...

Working paper

18th February 2021
In Baghdad, violence, property and consumption are inextricably linked. This has spawned social-spatial transformations benefitting the political-econ...


11th February 2021
As Egypt and Ethiopia negotiate the details of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, tensions are on the rise. Sudan, which has vested interest in the ...

Research report

25th January 2021
By surveying the views of federal and local officials with direct experiences of the decentralisation process in Iraq, this paper seeks to understand ...


22nd January 2021
On Friday, January 22, the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center held a virtual panel discussion to examine the local actors and geopolitical s...


21st January 2021
By impeding research, Egypt curtails knowledge that can help resolve crises, especially in border areas.


XCEPT Workshop: Local, People-Focused Policymaking

26th October 2022
Addressing securitization in conflict zones in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia


22nd October 2020
The rules of what is deemed acceptable political behavior are constantly shifting in Syria, with perilous consequences.


2nd October 2020
Turkey is altering the nature of Syrian border areas, perhaps presaging more far-reaching steps.


29th September 2020
As the scope of the fighting in Ma’rib intensifies, the signs of an attritional conflict without end are strengthening.

Research report

3rd September 2020
Along the border between Tunisia and Libya, informal trade agreements led to a tight-knit border economy. But political changes in both Libya and Tuni...


2nd September 2020
The Covid-19 crisis has once again focused attention on political fragmentation in Myanmar, especially along ethnic divides.

Research report

14th July 2020
In southern Syria, the regime, opposition, foreign powers, and local groups navigate a contentious zone of conflict. Any shift in this delicate balanc...


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