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Communities that sit in conflict-affected borderlands are often subject to a complex combination of cultural and geographical factors. XCEPT’s research into these conflict areas explores local governance, other influential actors, and the alternative institutions and strategies that borderland communities rely upon to protect themselves against violence and abuse. It also examines how economic transitions, markets, and trade are affected by changes in the social and political context of a borderland community.

Below you can find and download publications by XCEPT partners that investigate the unique contexts of conflict-affected borderlands.

Research report

16th August 2021
Unequal Adaptations considers how Little Ice Age (c1640-c1820) and the 1887 introduction of rinderpest can help us better understand the Horn of Afr...


21st July 2021
When the Myanmar military reclaimed power in February after a decade of democratic government, it disrupted the delicate peace process with Myanmar’s ...

Research report

16th July 2021
This XCEPT research report examines the intersection of armed actors, gold mining and migration in the tri-border area of Chad, Libya and Sudan. The...


23rd June 2021
Joint bulletin from the X-Border Local Research Network about recent research and activities from The Asia Foundation, Rift Valley Institute, and Malc...

Research report

14th June 2021
Border markets on Yemen’s northwestern border with Saudi Arabia gave rise to a distinct economic system and bridged communities. Yet the war in Yeme...

Briefing paper

14th June 2021
This policy brief, a joint publication by Centre for Peace and Justice, Brac University (CPJ), and The Asia Foundation, conveys findings from a rapid ...


XCEPT Workshop: Local, People-Focused Policymaking

26th October 2022
Addressing securitization in conflict zones in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia


2nd June 2021
Idlib is heavily dependent on the delivery of aid, the disruption of which would almost surely create a humanitarian crisis.

Research report

27th May 2021
Tunisia’s informal trade networks reflect growing trends: the country’s progressive shift away from Europe, and the rise of Turkey and China as major ...


26th April 2021
Jordan’s bahhara have suffered from a closed border with Syria, but efforts to resume informal trade ties continue.

Research report

21st April 2021
This report focuses on the borderland region between Sudan and Ethiopia, using gold-mining and trade to examine transnational flows of people and comm...


19th April 2021
As border crossings reopen, Jordanian authorities might have to tolerate a degree of informal petty trade with Syria to revive Ramtha’s economy and pr...

Research report

31st March 2021
Over time, the Kuwait-Saudi border has developed a unique, flexible approach of firm physical boundaries but open economic boundaries. This approach...


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