Research on borderlands

Research report, Rift Valley Institute

Civil war and fragile peace in Sudan and Ethiopia’s borderlands

This report explores how marginalised borderland communities in Sudan and Ethiopia use regional interstate tensions to negotiate political and military support. Read more.

Article, Malcom H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Centre

Border crossings: The unholy alliance between Iran and Iraqi militias

This article explores why, despite the Iraqi population’s desire to distance itself from Iran, it is unlikely that the government will engage in border crossing reform anytime soon. Read more.

Blog, Conciliation Resources

Sustaining peaceful pastoralism in Cameroon’s borderlands

This blog explores cross-border pastoralism, environmental change, peace, and conflict along the borders of Nigeria and Cameroon. Read more.

Research report, The Asia Foundation

Resistance and the cost of the coup in Chin State, Myanmar

This report explores conflict and instability in Chin State, Myanmar’s western border region in India following the 2021 military coup. Read more.

Research report, Karamoja/ Turkana Community

Pastoralist researchers on the Uganda/ Kenya border

This image-rich report examines insecurity and pastoralism along the Uganda-Kenya border. It was developed by the community members who took part in the research. Read more.

Article, Frontier Myanmar

Border battles: Fighting for control in Rakhine

This article explores how seizing Myanmar’s borders with Bangladesh and India has become central to the Arakan Army’s dream of autonomy, and has driven its strategy during both war and peace. Read more.

Research on conflict dynamics

Research report, Chatham House

Coordinating international responses to Ethiopia-Sudan tensions

This report examines how cross-border tensions and interlinked crises in Ethiopia and Sudan jeopardise security and development in those countries and across the Horn of Africa. Read more.

Research report, Centre for Peace and Justice and The Asia Foundation

The Rohingya refugee response in Bangladesh

Six years after the displacement of over a million Rohingya people from Myanmar, this report looks at the impacts of the governance of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh. Read more.

Briefing paper, Rift Valley Institute

Sudan conflict: Assessing the risk of regionalisation

This paper focuses on the potential for a regionalisation of conflict between the Sudan Armed Forces and the Rapid Support Forces. Read more.

Research report, Rift Valley Institute

The political economy of checkpoints in Somalia

This report explores the political economy of checkpoints in Somalia: what drives their formation and their impacts on trade, society, and politics. Read more.

Research report, Chatham House

Navigating the regionalisation of Ethiopia’s Tigray conflict

This report identifies opportunities for Ethiopia to leverage its external relationships to strengthen regional mediation mechanisms and secure peace. Read more.

Blog, Chatham House

How a transnational approach can better manage the conflict in Sudan

This blog explores how approaching conflict as a national issue sidelines a complex web of transnational influences and threatens prospects for sustainable peace. Read more.

Podcast, Chatham House

A tale of two border towns

As part of a series, this podcast episode explores how efforts to secure Iraq’s borders after the defeat of ISIS has created new sources of instability, as conflict supply chains adapt to new circumstances. Listen back.

Podcast, Chatham House

Human smuggling and trafficking in Niger

As part of a series, this podcast episode examines the violence and harm caused by the illicit practices of human smuggling and trafficking, and international responses to these practices. Listen back.

Podcast, The Asia Foundation, Malcom H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Centre, and Rift Valley Institute

Localising conflict responses in contested areas

In this podcast episode, local research partners in Bangladesh, Somalia, and Syria discuss how the global push for aid localisation applies to research. Listen back.

Blog, David Mansfield

Why we continue to misunderstand conflict economies

This blog makes the case for a more skeptical view of official data reported by fragile and conflict-affected states and explains how monitoring corrupt cross-border trading can help develop a clearer understanding of Afghanistan’s economy. Read more.

Research on violent and peaceful behaviour

Briefing paper, King’s College London

Controversies and challenges of peacebuilding in Nineveh: Revisiting post-IS reconciliation in Iraq

This paper highlights principles for better embedding international and federal support for post-conflict social recovery within local Iraqi contexts. Read more.

Article, King’s College London

Distinguishing children from ISIS-affiliated families in Iraq and their unique barriers

This article explores how labelling Iraqi children as ISIS-affiliated has far-reaching consequences for their future, whether living inside or outside Iraq. Read more.

Briefing paper, King’s College London

Men and psychosocial support services programming

This paper explores humanitarian responses to conflict-related trauma amongst men and boys, and finds that addressing male trauma supports individual and community wellbeing, as well as helping to prevent further violence. Read more.

Research report, King’s College London

Memory, violence, and post-conflict reconstruction: Rebuilding and reimagining Mosul

This report examines Mosul’s ongoing reconstruction initiatives, shaped by competing memory narratives and societal actors vying for the right to reimagine the city. Read more.

Podcast, King’s College London

Breaking cycles of conflict: Episode 2

This podcast episode explores the impact of imprisonment and Lebanon’s criminal justice system upon radicalisation and violent extremism, as part of a wider series on the drivers of violent and peaceful behaviours. Listen back.

Blog, King’s College London

What do we mean when we talk about ‘resilience’ to violent extremism? 

This blog explores what we really mean when we talk about resilience in the context of violent extremism, and challenges some of the assumptions and potential biases of resilience-based interventions. Read more.