Today, Afghanistan is facing one of the worst humanitarian situations worldwide with more than 700,000 Afghans facing forced displacement and more than 5.5 million in protracted displacement domestically and internationally since the takeover. Patterns of migration have changed considerably since the Taliban gained national power. Various non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and international organizations have rapidly outlined action plans that appeal for international funds to address the crisis.

This study assesses trends in the internal and external migration of Afghan people to inform current and future policy action in Afghanistan. It examines the reasons Afghans were considering leaving or staying in the country at a major crisis point in Afghanistan. Migrant needs are projected to increase in 2022. To improve access to essential services, sustain livelihoods, and protect the most vulnerable, it is important to understand migration patterns. Unless swift action is taken, the current migration crisis could further deteriorate.